Posts Tagged ‘cancer’

Prescription: Puppies

| September 27th, 2012 | No Comments »

I checked out a link on twitter today and loved the article so much I just had to write a bit about it

Written  by an animal loving leukemia patient the article shares her experience of getting ‘prescribed’ a puppy during her recovery.  She focuses on the many benefits she has experienced in her life and I think some of her points are ones that anyone who knows a cancer patient should think about.

 The puppy has provided a positive attention draw, she is no longer identified as the ‘bald-lady with cancer’, she is now ‘the (bald) lady with the sweet puppy’ to the general public and that is freeing, she is more than her diagnosis or disease, she is not just a receiver of care, but a giver of care.  

In her more intimate relationship with her boyfriend this has provided the both of them a focus for their attentions that doesn’t have to do with treatment or symptom management.  

Taking the puppy walking and to obedience classes also get her out into the wider world regularly, providing both stimulation (mental and social) and exercise (an important part of regaining her “normal” life).  

I particularly loved the idea of the comfort and cheer listening to the  puupy’s heartbeat and feeling his warmth bring to her.  I was reminded of new Mom’s being encouraged to hold their children close to their bodies to soothe them with their warmth, scent and the sound of their hearts.  Research has demonstrated that this snuggling lowers babies heart rates, reduces their stress levels and that they fuss less often – perhaps she is enjoying similar benefits.

If you know people going through cancer treatment – especially long and/or high-risk treatments – remember that though you and they need the opportunity to talk about the illness that your relationship goes beyond that and that they may already have had lots of opportunity to talk about their treatment.  Be open to talking about their disease and treatment but remember they are not just a patient, their your friend.

Once upon a time, because of the risk of cross-infection with your pet, or your pet bringing in dirt and contaminants the ill and the elderly were not encouraged to have pets.  In recent years that has been changing.  Cats, and sometimes dogs, can now be found in nursing and retirement facilities as group pets.  These animals provide the residents with company and entertainment.  HIV/AIDS patients, with their lowered immune function, were encouraged to give up pets they had, not  just avoid adding a pet, in earlier days.  Now the emotional and social benefits of having a pet to love and care for and to be cared for by have been show to improve immune function and reduce depression in patients.

 

More reading?…..

pets in elder care

you can even go to school to learn about it…

preterm infants (another immunocompromised bunch) and touch…

 

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August newsletter

| August 20th, 2012 | No Comments »

Modalities Massage Therapy

August Newsletter

 

Dear clients, This Thursday, August 23rd, is the deadline for aromatherapy orders.  Check out the webpage on direct orders for the short list of products and pricing.  Contact me by phone or email to place your order. As always, orders should be in within a week and I will contact you regarding pick-up. Beginning in September there will be some small changes in my work schedule.  I will be teaching infant massage at Mothering Touch again but on Wednesday mornings and I will no longer be working at Achieve Health Monday and Wednesday mornings.  In terms of hours here at Modalities there will be only small changes and a continuation of the ‘temporary’ addition of Tuesday mornings.  New hours as of September 1/2012 will be:

Monday: 10am to 6pm Tuesdays: 10am to 4:30pm; one 7 pm appointment Wednesdays: 12:30pm to 4:30pm Thursdays: 9am to 4:30pm; one 7 pm appointment Friday: 10am to 6pm

I have been doing some blogging lately and wanted to share those thoughts with you. The following links will take you to them: food and drug efficacy and DNR and final wishes.

As we move into the fall I hope that we all have the opportunity to enjoy some more warm weather and sunshine. For those of you coming under the influence of school I hope your return to classes goes smoothly.

Best wishes,

Sheila Hobbs, RMT

250-361-5246

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Food and drug administration…

| August 15th, 2012 | No Comments »

I am not talking about the FDA (Food and Drug Administration – the entity in the US that approves food and drug sales) in this blog, or at least not directly, but the title just called out to me.  What I am talking about is how the food you eat and the drink you drink impact the drugs you might take.  I got inspired by a couple of tweets I checked out and re-tweeted that I found really interesting.

The question of food and pharmaceuticals, for most, likely brings to mind the little stickers you find on your prescriptions bottles or warnings on the labels of over the counter drugs that mainly circle around whether or not to have with food or alcohol and the safety of heavy machinery operation while using.  I recently was put on doxycycline, a fairly potent antibiotic, and for the first time had a warning about dairy food specifically.  Why do we receive these warnings?  We get instruction of food and drink consumption – both specific types and generally – because of  the risk of over or under-dosing.  Some drugs have greater impact with food, some less; certain minerals can alter how drugs work for all of these reasons we get little stickers and warnings.  This website has very complete information on drug interactions including foods.

How exactly do food and drink influence how drugs are absorbed and broken down in the body?  There are a few answers to that question but one of the main ones is – enzymes.  Enzymes are complex protein molecules that bring about cellular reactions within the body.  Enzymes are how we digest food and are used to speed up, slow down, allow or disallow various chemical reactions to occur.  Enzymes are produced by living cells and found in our bodies and in the things we eat and drink.  Some enzymes also are able to block each other from acting – they shut down other enzymes.  How drugs are processed by the body – especially how long they take to be broken down and absorbed impact how effective they are and how often and how much we need to take.

Alteration in drug processing in the body has profound ripple effects in terms of side-effects, efficacy and costs.  The more of a drug you take the more likely you are to have side effects so if the dose can be lowered you have fewer side effects.  The reason we often have to tolerate side effects is to ensure we receive enough of a drug to actually have it do the job it is supposed to do.  The longer a drug stays at an effective level in our body the more of an impact it can have on our system, slowing down the bodies natural breakdown of a drug into its components can allow a drug to do more.  Cost obviously ends up going down if we use less of a drug making lower doses desirable both medically and fiscally, especially in an era of rising medical budgets.  

The particular article I read was speaking of grapefruit juice and the cancer drug, sirolimus.  When ingested with grapefruit juice a one-third dose of sirolimus had the same effect.  This represents a huge cost savings and a potential reduction in side effects as the lower does was accompanied by fewer side effect.  Here is the interesting bit.  Some dosing is lowered and ordered with a particular accompaniment; in other case, like sirolimus at this time, you take more and are told to avoid the food/beverage that increases the effectiveness of the drug to avoid overdose.  I personally hope that current research will lead to increases the incidence of the former and reduces the latter.

The other interesting point that came up in the article is that not only will what you do or don’t take with drug impact their breakdown and bioavailability to your cells but it can also alter how your cells welcome the drug.  Recent studies have shown that pre-treatment fasting (of 2-3 days) by chemotherapy recipients increases the impact of the treatment on cancer cell, but even more delightfully, it reduces the impact of the same treatments on the healthy cells.  Basically, in healthy cell fasting creates decreased activity, basically the seek to reduce their consumption of fuel, in contrast cancer cells, which are already gluttons become even more ravenous when exposed to fasting causing them to absorb greater quantities of the chemotherapy drugs.

A 2-3 day fast is not a small thing but I suspect this news would be less daunting to the many cancer patients who have appetite loss as part of the symptoms or drug side effects.  The reward of less nausea, headaches, malaise, nerve damage and hair loss – just to name a few – would be a nice reward for a bit of fasting too.  Further, for those cancer patients and their families who face daily struggles to get enough food into themselves or their loved ones a brief respite would not be bad and all the parties could then focus their food efforts on their inter-treatment time.  The volunteers with the trolleys of cookies and juice that wheel through the chemo room though would become a thing of the past.

What I find most interesting about all of these pieces of data is that they can be implemented with minimal hassle, little to no harm and many benefits.  There is no costly drug research, no need for gene therapy the research I am talking about is from human and animal trials and new human trials are moving forward in several places already.  This is exciting as a new drug or therapy can take years and years to even reach human trial stage.  Plus, the cost of all of these options are negligible or well offset by saving.  Not very often is that the case with modern medical innovation.

 

 

The tweets I’m talking about:

fasting and cancer treatment

grapefruit juice and drug efficacy

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What is Epigenetics?

| November 7th, 2011 | No Comments »

I love CBC radio.  On the weekend I was listening to “Quirks and Quarks” and a discussion of epigenetics caught my ear.  Naturally, I had to find out what this things was and how it works.

For many years the research into autoimmune diseases and chronic conditions like cancer has focused on lifestyle and environmental impacts.  These diseases have a heritable component but they are not absolutely genetic, leading researchers to try to identify why and this has led into the field of epigenetics.  Epigenetics looks at the small markers that attach themselves to our DNA, especially in utero and in early life.  These markers do nothing to change the DNA you are going to pass on to your child, they simple alter how that DNA expresses itself.  Think of them as the controllers – they can turn things on and off or make things louder or quieter.

In this new field evidence is beginning to show how things like childhood poverty, child abuse and mental illness may have physiologically identifiable marks without changing the DNA.  Further, exposure to certain substances can also create epigenetic changes even late in life.  Many of the substances considered carcinogenic act this way.  They do not alter your genes, they turn on, or turn up, genes you already have (‘genetic predisposition) increasing the growth and success of cancer cells.  This brings in the fact that they can not affect genes you do not have and if you have the gene and nothing turns it on, you won’t experience the effects.

I believe that I have seen this in action in my family.  My maternal grandfather and both of his daughters (my Mom and my aunt) have died of very similar, very aggressive lung cancers – but not my uncle.  In the cases of my grandfather and my mother they also died at about the same age (51 and 52), but my aunt survived until she was in her middle 60’s.   Strong genetic evidence – early onset, aggressive, similar patterns of meta – why did my aunt live the extra decade?  I believe the simple answer is – she didn’t smoke.  My grandparents and parent were smokers meaning life long exposure to the carcinogens in cigarettes.  My aunt, though she grew up in a smoking household didn’t smoke herself.  Epigenetically speaking, she didn’t turn up the gene.  With my uncle, he has passed his early fifties, and is a non-smoker, so the question is, did he get the gene at all?  Time shall tell.  To contrast this heritage, my maternal grandmother smoked her entire life, and lived until 80, never getting lung cancer.  No gene?  Seem so.

This is excellent reason for me and my sister – we can’t change our genetic inheritance (and there is not current test for a lung cancer gene, though they do know there is one) but we can choose our lifestyle.  Neither of us has ever smoked, neither of us drink as heavily as our parent or grandparent, we eat healthy diets with lots of fruits and veggies, and my sister (not so much me) has kept her weight low.  We our doing our part to ensure the volume stays down on our genes, only time will tell if we succeed.

On the human level the field of epigenetics brings weight to our life choices adding to the pressure many feel to “live well”.  The weight of a healthy lifestyle becomes a punishing burden as every choice seems to have dire effects not just for themselves but their children.  Women especially receive barrages of information and direction on what to eat, drink, and expose themselves to during pregnancy and breastfeeding.  I have felt that pressure, but ultimately I try to remind myself that I can only do my best and the stress of trying to manage everything carries as many negatives as a lot of the things we try to manage.   I also try to remember that this gives me power, I can impact how my body acts, I am not at the mercy of my genes, how I live, and how I teach my children to live will change what happens to us. 

From the perspective of the medical field epigenetics creates a field of unique, crafted interventions that has never existed.  We can begin to more clearly understand the most profoundly impacting life events and behaviours to allow both early intervention or to create uniquely personal watch lists given our histories.  How intriguing.

 

LINKS: 

 

epigenetics and poverty

nurturing rats and epigenetics

epigenetics of bipolar and schizophrenia

epigenetics of child abuse

 

 

 

 

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BC Generations – onsite visit

| October 21st, 2011 | No Comments »

The last step in the initial intake for participation in the BC Generations is to do the on site visit.  The visit was very quick, I don’t think I was even there 20 minutes.  I arrived a few minutes late (sigh) but was quickly signed in and there was the standard double checking to ensure I was who they thought I was by a young man at the front desk who had a package with my name and lots of coded stickers to put on my forms.    He gave me my blood and urine lab form and directed me to give my samples before the end of November.  He then led me to an adjacent room divided  into separate cubicles where a research nurse greeted me.

The nurse asked me a series of screening questions (pregnant – no; hand arthritis – no; pacemaker – no, etc to ensure they could do all the tests and get the right outcomes.  She then got to the tests.

First, my blood pressure and heart rate, twice, of course.  All good in the blood pressure department.  Next was a revisit of the waist and hip measures (only once) where I discovered that I had been too precise in following their waist measurement instructions – I would have like it they had used her explanation – measure at the belly button!  Then height, both standing and sitting (this will let them determine spinal shortening).  

Next – all the cool toys!  First a grip device – where I discovered that my left hand is puny and my right is super strong – enough to offset the left’s puniness in the combined total.  I guess I can now tell clients I have one strong hand when they comment on how strong my hand are!  After that, my most dreaded machine – BMI calculator.  I am not going to share the exact results of my weight, BMI and percent of fat.  I will say that I definitely have some losing to do!  And some really detailed motivational number.  I now know that my body fat is fairly evenly distributed (though my arms are the fattest – who knew!) and that my right leg and left arm are fatter and stronger than their opposites.  Finally I stuck my foot in this machine that assessed the bone density of my heel (calcaneus) bone.  Here again was some good news – very dense bones.  In part this has to do with weighing so much (the bones get denser to support your mass), and with being on my feet a fair amount for work (lots of weight-bearing). 

The sum up is that I am as fat as I thought, but I am not doing too bad in terms of strength, blood pressure and bone density.  Basically I am healthy enough that I can  lose the weight to fix the other measures with relative ease.  That is my own personal project though – not the BC Generation’s responsibility.

There you are, that is the total of my experience to date.  In future they may phone to ask me to participate in specific studies (which I can decline if I choose) or to come back in for a repeat of the on site visit I had (or perhaps some similar type of visit).  They now have my permission to check in on any testing results I get within the medical system.  Not to big an impact on my life given how much could come of it – an hour or so of my time now to provide information for studies over the next 25 years.  

 

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BC Generations – the forms

| October 20th, 2011 | No Comments »

My first step as a participant of the BC Generations project is the intake form.  This is a fairly thick bundle of papers you receive in the mail a few days after signing up.  Along with the intake you receive information about the project, its purpose, and a release for you to sign saying you understand and agree to participate. 

Going through the form probably took 20 minutes.  Most of the questions are quite easy to answer, though I found it interesting they always give you the option to say “I don’t know”.  First you give your vital statistics (name, age, gender, etc.) you answer questions about you lifestyle (servings of fruit and vegetables in a day, amounts of exercise within a week and its intensity) and other health habits like amount and type of drinking and smoking.  These are easy, you just have to think about your habits a bit – which I found a bit revealing.  For instance, I discovered that I do not eat as many fruits and vegetables as I thought.  My activity level, which I knew was low, registered even lower as so many of the things I do involve shorter spans of activity than they were looking for.

The next section if the intake is family history and make up, along with the medical stuff.  You are asked to identify you ethnic background and where your parents and grandparent were born.  A bit more thought there, but still pretty easy.  They also ask about the make up of your family of origin (who you grew up with) and your current family and relationship status (married or not, kids or not, etc).  This section finishes with the questions I expected sooner – your history of illness (or not) and that of you parents and biological siblings.  Here things get a bit more specific and you need to think a bit – for me my sister was the trickiest as I have never had been a caregiver for her.  Depending on how close you are to your siblings (who they lump together in one set of questions) you may have to ask them – or choose the “I don’t know” box.

The final section of the questionnaire is the one I have been dreading.  Having put on weight lately I was dreading taking measurements and writing down my weight numbers.  This part is a bit of a bother as they want you to do two measurements of both and I found the waist location description not great.  I made it  through this though I disliked the numbers as much as I expected.  

Overall, pretty easy.  I only had to go looking for one piece of information (the DIN of my prescription – and I am guessing most everyone would have to go reference that one) and the need to find a tape measure – and my dread – meant that the questions got answered a few days before the measurements got taken.  

 

 

Next – the on site intake….

 

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BC Generations Project

| October 7th, 2011 | No Comments »

I have signed up to be a human lab rat. The BC Generations Project is a 25 year study hoping to follow 40,000 BC residents between the ages (at the start) of 35-69. The BC Generations Project is part of a greater, Canada-wide project called the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow that is hoping to reach a total of 300,000 participants in total. I will be chronicalling my progress through this project over the time – I don’t guarantee the whole 25 years, but at least the first few.

The BC Generations project will use the data and biospecimens collected in aa number of studies over the next decades that are all attempting to understand how to prevent cancer and other chronic disease. I love this project. I also feel bad for it. The researchers are looking to capture some of the most elusive data out there. Trying to connect which specific part of your life increases your risk would be difficult. Trying to find out how the different aspects of you life act together to increase or decrease your risk of disease over someone else is even more difficult. They will have to try to tease apart genetic, environmental and behavioural factors and decide which are the lynch pins. With the real possibility that there are no lynch pins – but rather an calculus level equation of factors that add, subtract, multiply and divide to land you with a negativeor a positive.

This is the reality of medicine as we are coming to understand it. No one thing is the answer, all things are the answer – and your answer is different than anyone else’s.

Initially, BC Generations will be collecting asking lifestyle questions, collecting physical data (height, weight and waist/hip ratio) and physical samples (blood, urine, and saliva). This data and the physical samples will be stored together for future use. By entering the BC Generations Project participants also allow researchers access to their health records and they may be contacted in the future for follow-up.

 

By collecting together such a large pool of samples spanning ages, genders, locations and lifestyles the BC Generations Project and the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow is creating a resource of incalcuable value to both present and future medical researchers. Data can be extracted for fair-haired, healthy eating women across Canada, or 48-year olds with a history of maternal diabetes that live in urban settings, or 69 year-old males with heart disease in their fathers. The options are myriad and when you add in the ability to track progress over time you have a tool for the future that will offer the future a gift of knowledge about how time, behaviour and family history come together.

My first step will be to fill out the intake form (book) prior to my physical assessment. Next I have an appointment to have samples taken. From there? Who knows, but it should be a heck of a ride. I get the opportunity for a free health assessment and a chance to contribute to the evolution of preventative medicine in my province and my country.

If you want to volunteer, or just learn more about the project, go to their website.  Give some thought to what a wonderful legacy this could be.  As an orphan whose parents both died middle-aged of cancer, I consider my participation to be a gift to my son and his future children (should he have any), a gift I may never have another opportunity to give.

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E-patients

| June 29th, 2011 | No Comments »

I love TED Talks.  A few months ago now my husband introduced me to TED and I have become a huge fan.  I follow TED on facebook so that every day I can see what is up in that world.  Their talks range in subject matter from recycled fashion to architecture to engineered silk to transplants and pleuri-potent cells.  I never know what I might find on TED or how it may thrill me.

Today, I got an extra big thrill from “e-patient Dave” (aka Dave deBronkart).  You wouldn’t think Dave is a cancer patient, would you?  He is a man of about 60 who was diagnosed 4 years ago with a cancer that gave him 6 months to live.  Through networking with other patients online he managed to find a treatment that has allowed him to live on in good health for four years so far.  A treatment his doctor did not know about.

The reason I found Dave so thrilling is that he is advocating for the type of proactive patient behaviour that I want to support and encourage.  Dave emboldens patients to go out and find for themselves the information they need.  To be “e-patients” that is: equipped, engaged, empowered and enabled (as coined by Dr. Tom Ferguson).  To make themselves heard as the vaulable resources they are in their own care.

The services I offer as a wellness consultant are aimed at supporting people in becoming e-patients.  I can give you the tools and support to jump start you in this role.  I can also offer ongoing support, advocacy and time to your quest to become the star in your health care.

We need doctors and health care professionals to provide us with services and exercises the skills they work very hard to master and maintain…and they need us.  Doctors need us not as mute recipients of their skills but as vital contributors to our care.  We need to offer our expertise about ourselves.  We need to gather resources and information that best serve us and our needs so that our health professionals can better serve those needs.

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Willem Fourie, again…

| May 5th, 2011 | No Comments »

Last week I spent two wonderful days in Vancouver. With hardly any shopping to enhance the experience. I attended an advanced seminar on post-mastectomy care with Willem Fourie, a leader in the world of fascia. Willem is a physiotherapist from South Africa and has made a study of the specific impacts of breast cancer treatment, due to lump- and mast-ectomies, radiation and reconstructions.

I wrote, glowingly, about my introductory course last June. When the opportunity to attend a more advanced course arose I was quick to sign up. Out of the 75 of us who attended last year’s introductory course 11 of us returned this year to broaden our understanding of approaches to care for breast cancer patients.

One of the things that quickly became clear was that we had all, myself included, found uses for the approaches taught by Willem in the 11 month since the first course. We opened the course with each attendee describing how they had employed the techniques and what they sought to learn. Some had very emotional stories to tell of breast cancer patients who they had been able to help and who had inspired them with their strength and courage. Others, myself included, had taken the approaches and been able to apply them with great results to a number of other conditions, from abdominal surgeries to burn victims. The scope of application and success from these fascial techniques was impressive.

The intensity and integrity expressed in the opening of the course set the tone for the whole two days. Often at this type of course there is a very chatty, social atmosphere as the attendees enjoy a break from their regular routines. Schedules are often quick paced and hands on time limited. None of these was the case for this course. There was chatting for certain, but never disruptive to the course. The tone was quiet and the schedule was full of hands on time and quiet diligence. Where hands on time in other courses might become a bit raucous and unfocused in this instance it was very much about applying the techniques and learning to treat what you found in the connective tissue. Though we had no actual breast cancer survivors, we did apply the techniques to the variety of injuries and old surgeries we collectively brought to the occasion. We addressed armpits, abdomens and breasts without giggles or discomfort.

I came away with a deeper understanding of the anatomy, physiology, surgery and the humanity that are all part of treating any patient, most especially those who have faced such monumental challenges as breast cancer. I am continuing diligence of the course having already found several patients who could benefit from these techniques. I hope that they have found some benefit from those two days I spent in thoughtful pursuit of new information and new ideas.

Willem Fourie’s website

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Food and Cancer

| September 13th, 2010 | No Comments »

According to the World Health Organization cancer is responsible for 12.5% of the deaths globally per year. Diet is linked to 30% of cancers in the developed, and 20% in the developing world. Though those numbers are strong, there is a lack of cohesion in the medical world regarding their validity. Some recent studies have shown much less profound links between cancer and nutrition. So who is right? What is the role that food plays in preventing cancer? And who do we believe?

In articles published by the Journal of the National Cancer Institute it is pointed out that the most recent, rigorous studies show only a 2-3% percent correlation of diet to cancer prevention, rather than a 30% one. Other interesting data shows a strong correlation between certain supplements and increased rates of cancer, specifically a 163% increase in prostate cancer when 1200 mg folate supplements were administered.

An article in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition argues that lifestyle and nutrition are the key factors in preventing cancer. In their estimate the use of supplements and the focus on single nutrients in studies are responsible for the weaker numbers that have been found. This article argues that a balanced diet of whole foods is where the highest rate of prevention can be found. The JACN article also criticizes the reactionary focus of western medicine and highlights the need for society as a whole to make a profound shift in their approach to food.

Between the two points of view there are two points of agreement. Supplements are a greater risk than remedy and that more, better, research must be done. In exploring all the arguments out there and the recommendations being made I think that no one really knows. No one nutrient has been shown to be a magic cure for cancer, no particular diet has yet come to light that absolutely prevents cancer.

Taking a step back, why are we even exploring the impact of food and nutrition on cancer? To understand let’s quickly look at what cancer is, and what food can do for the body in preventing it.

Cancer is basically a cell gone bad. One whose intended function is derailed and which begins to reproduce wildly. We all have these cells in our bodies. In the countless cell divisions that occur daily in our bodies there are always errors that have the potential to create cancer cells. Most of the time our immune system finds those cells and kills them. Cancer as a disease manifests when our immune systems fails and those cells run amok.

How does food effect this process? Food is what makes your body go. Calories fuel our body, nutrients provide chemicals that run our systems and are the building blocks of our tissues. Even the parts we don’t digest help us, ensuring that our digestive track has enough in it to move our waste along. Eating the proper foods helps to ensure that we have the energy for cellular and nerve activity, are able to build strong protein and fatty acid chains, that our chemical messaging systems has the right messengers who do not get lost. A healthy immune system ensures that we have the Natural Killer Cells (yes, they are really called that) in proper numbers and strength to destroy the erroneous cells that do occur. Proper nutrition also ensures that our tissues are healthy and less vulnerable. There are also substances in food that help to interfere with the activity of harmful substances in the body, some block access to cells, some destroy free-radicals, some ensure a quick passage through the body to lessen exposure to a particular substance.

What really got me thinking in the JNCI was that though no significant reduction in cancer rates were noted, there was a 30% decrease in heart disease in groups with better diets. Our lack of strong, consistent, rigorous research hasn’t stopped a large number of laymen and medical professional, and their organizations from promoting a very consistent type of diet. Keep your calories and fat low, your fibre and whole grain high and eat a wide variety of vegetables and fruits. Where is the harm in this? Maybe you won’t stop cancer, but you will likely stave off diabetes, heart disease and obesity.

Links:

World Health Organization; JCNIarticle one and article two; JACN; Specific Foods and their cancer fighting chemistry

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